ext4.h 82.9 KB
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/*
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 *  ext4.h
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 *
 * Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995
 * Remy Card (card@masi.ibp.fr)
 * Laboratoire MASI - Institut Blaise Pascal
 * Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI)
 *
 *  from
 *
 *  linux/include/linux/minix_fs.h
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 1991, 1992  Linus Torvalds
 */

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#ifndef _EXT4_H
#define _EXT4_H
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#include <linux/types.h>
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#include <linux/blkdev.h>
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#include <linux/magic.h>
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#include <linux/jbd2.h>
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#include <linux/quota.h>
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#include <linux/rwsem.h>
#include <linux/rbtree.h>
#include <linux/seqlock.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
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#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/blockgroup_lock.h>
#include <linux/percpu_counter.h>
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#ifdef __KERNEL__
#include <linux/compat.h>
#endif
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/*
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 * The fourth extended filesystem constants/structures
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 */

/*
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 * Define EXT4FS_DEBUG to produce debug messages
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 */
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#undef EXT4FS_DEBUG
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/*
 * Debug code
 */
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#ifdef EXT4FS_DEBUG
#define ext4_debug(f, a...)						\
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	do {								\
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		printk(KERN_DEBUG "EXT4-fs DEBUG (%s, %d): %s:",	\
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			__FILE__, __LINE__, __func__);			\
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		printk(KERN_DEBUG f, ## a);				\
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	} while (0)
#else
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#define ext4_debug(fmt, ...)	no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
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#endif

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#define EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, fmt, a...) \
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	ext4_error_inode((inode), __func__, __LINE__, 0, (fmt), ## a)

#define EXT4_ERROR_INODE_BLOCK(inode, block, fmt, a...)			\
	ext4_error_inode((inode), __func__, __LINE__, (block), (fmt), ## a)
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#define EXT4_ERROR_FILE(file, block, fmt, a...)				\
	ext4_error_file((file), __func__, __LINE__, (block), (fmt), ## a)
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/* data type for block offset of block group */
typedef int ext4_grpblk_t;

/* data type for filesystem-wide blocks number */
typedef unsigned long long ext4_fsblk_t;

/* data type for file logical block number */
typedef __u32 ext4_lblk_t;

/* data type for block group number */
typedef unsigned int ext4_group_t;

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/*
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 * Flags used in mballoc's allocation_context flags field.
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 *
 * Also used to show what's going on for debugging purposes when the
 * flag field is exported via the traceport interface
 */
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/* prefer goal again. length */
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#define EXT4_MB_HINT_MERGE		0x0001
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/* blocks already reserved */
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#define EXT4_MB_HINT_RESERVED		0x0002
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/* metadata is being allocated */
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#define EXT4_MB_HINT_METADATA		0x0004
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/* first blocks in the file */
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#define EXT4_MB_HINT_FIRST		0x0008
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/* search for the best chunk */
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#define EXT4_MB_HINT_BEST		0x0010
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/* data is being allocated */
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#define EXT4_MB_HINT_DATA		0x0020
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/* don't preallocate (for tails) */
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#define EXT4_MB_HINT_NOPREALLOC		0x0040
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/* allocate for locality group */
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#define EXT4_MB_HINT_GROUP_ALLOC	0x0080
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/* allocate goal blocks or none */
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#define EXT4_MB_HINT_GOAL_ONLY		0x0100
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/* goal is meaningful */
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#define EXT4_MB_HINT_TRY_GOAL		0x0200
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/* blocks already pre-reserved by delayed allocation */
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#define EXT4_MB_DELALLOC_RESERVED	0x0400
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/* We are doing stream allocation */
#define EXT4_MB_STREAM_ALLOC		0x0800
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/* Use reserved root blocks if needed */
#define EXT4_MB_USE_ROOT_BLOCKS		0x1000
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struct ext4_allocation_request {
	/* target inode for block we're allocating */
	struct inode *inode;
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	/* how many blocks we want to allocate */
	unsigned int len;
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	/* logical block in target inode */
	ext4_lblk_t logical;
	/* the closest logical allocated block to the left */
	ext4_lblk_t lleft;
	/* the closest logical allocated block to the right */
	ext4_lblk_t lright;
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	/* phys. target (a hint) */
	ext4_fsblk_t goal;
	/* phys. block for the closest logical allocated block to the left */
	ext4_fsblk_t pleft;
	/* phys. block for the closest logical allocated block to the right */
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	ext4_fsblk_t pright;
	/* flags. see above EXT4_MB_HINT_* */
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	unsigned int flags;
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};

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/*
 * Logical to physical block mapping, used by ext4_map_blocks()
 *
 * This structure is used to pass requests into ext4_map_blocks() as
 * well as to store the information returned by ext4_map_blocks().  It
 * takes less room on the stack than a struct buffer_head.
 */
#define EXT4_MAP_NEW		(1 << BH_New)
#define EXT4_MAP_MAPPED		(1 << BH_Mapped)
#define EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN	(1 << BH_Unwritten)
#define EXT4_MAP_BOUNDARY	(1 << BH_Boundary)
#define EXT4_MAP_UNINIT		(1 << BH_Uninit)
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/* Sometimes (in the bigalloc case, from ext4_da_get_block_prep) the caller of
 * ext4_map_blocks wants to know whether or not the underlying cluster has
 * already been accounted for. EXT4_MAP_FROM_CLUSTER conveys to the caller that
 * the requested mapping was from previously mapped (or delayed allocated)
 * cluster. We use BH_AllocFromCluster only for this flag. BH_AllocFromCluster
 * should never appear on buffer_head's state flags.
 */
#define EXT4_MAP_FROM_CLUSTER	(1 << BH_AllocFromCluster)
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#define EXT4_MAP_FLAGS		(EXT4_MAP_NEW | EXT4_MAP_MAPPED |\
				 EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN | EXT4_MAP_BOUNDARY |\
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				 EXT4_MAP_UNINIT | EXT4_MAP_FROM_CLUSTER)
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struct ext4_map_blocks {
	ext4_fsblk_t m_pblk;
	ext4_lblk_t m_lblk;
	unsigned int m_len;
	unsigned int m_flags;
};

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/*
 * For delayed allocation tracking
 */
struct mpage_da_data {
	struct inode *inode;
	sector_t b_blocknr;		/* start block number of extent */
	size_t b_size;			/* size of extent */
	unsigned long b_state;		/* state of the extent */
	unsigned long first_page, next_page;	/* extent of pages */
	struct writeback_control *wbc;
	int io_done;
	int pages_written;
	int retval;
};
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/*
 * Flags for ext4_io_end->flags
 */
#define	EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN	0x0001
#define EXT4_IO_END_ERROR	0x0002
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#define EXT4_IO_END_QUEUED	0x0004
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#define EXT4_IO_END_DIRECT	0x0008
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#define EXT4_IO_END_IN_FSYNC	0x0010
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struct ext4_io_page {
	struct page	*p_page;
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	atomic_t	p_count;
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};

#define MAX_IO_PAGES 128

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/*
 * For converting uninitialized extents on a work queue.
 *
 * 'page' is only used from the writepage() path; 'pages' is only used for
 * buffered writes; they are used to keep page references until conversion
 * takes place.  For AIO/DIO, neither field is filled in.
 */
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typedef struct ext4_io_end {
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	struct list_head	list;		/* per-file finished IO list */
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	struct inode		*inode;		/* file being written to */
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	unsigned int		flag;		/* unwritten or not */
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	struct page		*page;		/* for writepage() path */
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	loff_t			offset;		/* offset in the file */
	ssize_t			size;		/* size of the extent */
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	struct work_struct	work;		/* data work queue */
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	struct kiocb		*iocb;		/* iocb struct for AIO */
	int			result;		/* error value for AIO */
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	int			num_io_pages;   /* for writepages() */
	struct ext4_io_page	*pages[MAX_IO_PAGES]; /* for writepages() */
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} ext4_io_end_t;

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struct ext4_io_submit {
	int			io_op;
	struct bio		*io_bio;
	ext4_io_end_t		*io_end;
	struct ext4_io_page	*io_page;
	sector_t		io_next_block;
};

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/*
 * Special inodes numbers
 */
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#define	EXT4_BAD_INO		 1	/* Bad blocks inode */
#define EXT4_ROOT_INO		 2	/* Root inode */
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#define EXT4_USR_QUOTA_INO	 3	/* User quota inode */
#define EXT4_GRP_QUOTA_INO	 4	/* Group quota inode */
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#define EXT4_BOOT_LOADER_INO	 5	/* Boot loader inode */
#define EXT4_UNDEL_DIR_INO	 6	/* Undelete directory inode */
#define EXT4_RESIZE_INO		 7	/* Reserved group descriptors inode */
#define EXT4_JOURNAL_INO	 8	/* Journal inode */
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/* First non-reserved inode for old ext4 filesystems */
#define EXT4_GOOD_OLD_FIRST_INO	11
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/*
 * Maximal count of links to a file
 */
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#define EXT4_LINK_MAX		65000
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/*
 * Macro-instructions used to manage several block sizes
 */
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#define EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE		1024
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#define	EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_SIZE		65536
#define EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_LOG_SIZE		10
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#define EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_LOG_SIZE		16
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#ifdef __KERNEL__
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# define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s)		((s)->s_blocksize)
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#else
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# define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s)		(EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE << (s)->s_log_block_size)
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#endif
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#define	EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK(s)		(EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) / sizeof(__u32))
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#define EXT4_CLUSTER_SIZE(s)		(EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) << \
					 EXT4_SB(s)->s_cluster_bits)
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#ifdef __KERNEL__
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# define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(s)	((s)->s_blocksize_bits)
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# define EXT4_CLUSTER_BITS(s)		(EXT4_SB(s)->s_cluster_bits)
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#else
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# define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(s)	((s)->s_log_block_size + 10)
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#endif
#ifdef __KERNEL__
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#define	EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK_BITS(s)	(EXT4_SB(s)->s_addr_per_block_bits)
#define EXT4_INODE_SIZE(s)		(EXT4_SB(s)->s_inode_size)
#define EXT4_FIRST_INO(s)		(EXT4_SB(s)->s_first_ino)
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#else
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#define EXT4_INODE_SIZE(s)	(((s)->s_rev_level == EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV) ? \
				 EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE : \
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				 (s)->s_inode_size)
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#define EXT4_FIRST_INO(s)	(((s)->s_rev_level == EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV) ? \
				 EXT4_GOOD_OLD_FIRST_INO : \
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				 (s)->s_first_ino)
#endif
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#define EXT4_BLOCK_ALIGN(size, blkbits)		ALIGN((size), (1 << (blkbits)))
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/* Translate a block number to a cluster number */
#define EXT4_B2C(sbi, blk)	((blk) >> (sbi)->s_cluster_bits)
/* Translate a cluster number to a block number */
#define EXT4_C2B(sbi, cluster)	((cluster) << (sbi)->s_cluster_bits)
/* Translate # of blks to # of clusters */
#define EXT4_NUM_B2C(sbi, blks)	(((blks) + (sbi)->s_cluster_ratio - 1) >> \
				 (sbi)->s_cluster_bits)

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/*
 * Structure of a blocks group descriptor
 */
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struct ext4_group_desc
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{
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	__le32	bg_block_bitmap_lo;	/* Blocks bitmap block */
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	__le32	bg_inode_bitmap_lo;	/* Inodes bitmap block */
	__le32	bg_inode_table_lo;	/* Inodes table block */
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	__le16	bg_free_blocks_count_lo;/* Free blocks count */
	__le16	bg_free_inodes_count_lo;/* Free inodes count */
	__le16	bg_used_dirs_count_lo;	/* Directories count */
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	__le16	bg_flags;		/* EXT4_BG_flags (INODE_UNINIT, etc) */
	__u32	bg_reserved[2];		/* Likely block/inode bitmap checksum */
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	__le16  bg_itable_unused_lo;	/* Unused inodes count */
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	__le16  bg_checksum;		/* crc16(sb_uuid+group+desc) */
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	__le32	bg_block_bitmap_hi;	/* Blocks bitmap block MSB */
	__le32	bg_inode_bitmap_hi;	/* Inodes bitmap block MSB */
	__le32	bg_inode_table_hi;	/* Inodes table block MSB */
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	__le16	bg_free_blocks_count_hi;/* Free blocks count MSB */
	__le16	bg_free_inodes_count_hi;/* Free inodes count MSB */
	__le16	bg_used_dirs_count_hi;	/* Directories count MSB */
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	__le16  bg_itable_unused_hi;    /* Unused inodes count MSB */
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	__u32	bg_reserved2[3];
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};

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/*
 * Structure of a flex block group info
 */

struct flex_groups {
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	atomic_t free_inodes;
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	atomic_t free_clusters;
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	atomic_t used_dirs;
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};

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#define EXT4_BG_INODE_UNINIT	0x0001 /* Inode table/bitmap not in use */
#define EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT	0x0002 /* Block bitmap not in use */
#define EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED	0x0004 /* On-disk itable initialized to zero */

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/*
 * Macro-instructions used to manage group descriptors
 */
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#define EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE		32
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#define EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT	64
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#define	EXT4_MAX_DESC_SIZE		EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE
#define EXT4_DESC_SIZE(s)		(EXT4_SB(s)->s_desc_size)
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#ifdef __KERNEL__
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# define EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(s)	(EXT4_SB(s)->s_blocks_per_group)
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# define EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(s)	(EXT4_SB(s)->s_clusters_per_group)
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# define EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(s)		(EXT4_SB(s)->s_desc_per_block)
# define EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(s)	(EXT4_SB(s)->s_inodes_per_group)
# define EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(s)	(EXT4_SB(s)->s_desc_per_block_bits)
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#else
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# define EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(s)	((s)->s_blocks_per_group)
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# define EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(s)		(EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) / EXT4_DESC_SIZE(s))
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# define EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(s)	((s)->s_inodes_per_group)
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#endif

/*
 * Constants relative to the data blocks
 */
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#define	EXT4_NDIR_BLOCKS		12
#define	EXT4_IND_BLOCK			EXT4_NDIR_BLOCKS
#define	EXT4_DIND_BLOCK			(EXT4_IND_BLOCK + 1)
#define	EXT4_TIND_BLOCK			(EXT4_DIND_BLOCK + 1)
#define	EXT4_N_BLOCKS			(EXT4_TIND_BLOCK + 1)
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/*
 * Inode flags
 */
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#define	EXT4_SECRM_FL			0x00000001 /* Secure deletion */
#define	EXT4_UNRM_FL			0x00000002 /* Undelete */
#define	EXT4_COMPR_FL			0x00000004 /* Compress file */
#define EXT4_SYNC_FL			0x00000008 /* Synchronous updates */
#define EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL		0x00000010 /* Immutable file */
#define EXT4_APPEND_FL			0x00000020 /* writes to file may only append */
#define EXT4_NODUMP_FL			0x00000040 /* do not dump file */
#define EXT4_NOATIME_FL			0x00000080 /* do not update atime */
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/* Reserved for compression usage... */
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#define EXT4_DIRTY_FL			0x00000100
#define EXT4_COMPRBLK_FL		0x00000200 /* One or more compressed clusters */
#define EXT4_NOCOMPR_FL			0x00000400 /* Don't compress */
#define EXT4_ECOMPR_FL			0x00000800 /* Compression error */
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/* End compression flags --- maybe not all used */
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#define EXT4_INDEX_FL			0x00001000 /* hash-indexed directory */
#define EXT4_IMAGIC_FL			0x00002000 /* AFS directory */
#define EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL		0x00004000 /* file data should be journaled */
#define EXT4_NOTAIL_FL			0x00008000 /* file tail should not be merged */
#define EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL			0x00010000 /* dirsync behaviour (directories only) */
#define EXT4_TOPDIR_FL			0x00020000 /* Top of directory hierarchies*/
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#define EXT4_HUGE_FILE_FL               0x00040000 /* Set to each huge file */
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#define EXT4_EXTENTS_FL			0x00080000 /* Inode uses extents */
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#define EXT4_EA_INODE_FL	        0x00200000 /* Inode used for large EA */
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#define EXT4_EOFBLOCKS_FL		0x00400000 /* Blocks allocated beyond EOF */
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#define EXT4_RESERVED_FL		0x80000000 /* reserved for ext4 lib */
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#define EXT4_FL_USER_VISIBLE		0x004BDFFF /* User visible flags */
#define EXT4_FL_USER_MODIFIABLE		0x004B80FF /* User modifiable flags */
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/* Flags that should be inherited by new inodes from their parent. */
#define EXT4_FL_INHERITED (EXT4_SECRM_FL | EXT4_UNRM_FL | EXT4_COMPR_FL |\
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			   EXT4_SYNC_FL | EXT4_NODUMP_FL | EXT4_NOATIME_FL |\
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			   EXT4_NOCOMPR_FL | EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL |\
			   EXT4_NOTAIL_FL | EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL)

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/* Flags that are appropriate for regular files (all but dir-specific ones). */
#define EXT4_REG_FLMASK (~(EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL | EXT4_TOPDIR_FL))

/* Flags that are appropriate for non-directories/regular files. */
#define EXT4_OTHER_FLMASK (EXT4_NODUMP_FL | EXT4_NOATIME_FL)

/* Mask out flags that are inappropriate for the given type of inode. */
static inline __u32 ext4_mask_flags(umode_t mode, __u32 flags)
{
	if (S_ISDIR(mode))
		return flags;
	else if (S_ISREG(mode))
		return flags & EXT4_REG_FLMASK;
	else
		return flags & EXT4_OTHER_FLMASK;
}

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/*
 * Inode flags used for atomic set/get
 */
enum {
	EXT4_INODE_SECRM	= 0,	/* Secure deletion */
	EXT4_INODE_UNRM		= 1,	/* Undelete */
	EXT4_INODE_COMPR	= 2,	/* Compress file */
	EXT4_INODE_SYNC		= 3,	/* Synchronous updates */
	EXT4_INODE_IMMUTABLE	= 4,	/* Immutable file */
	EXT4_INODE_APPEND	= 5,	/* writes to file may only append */
	EXT4_INODE_NODUMP	= 6,	/* do not dump file */
	EXT4_INODE_NOATIME	= 7,	/* do not update atime */
/* Reserved for compression usage... */
	EXT4_INODE_DIRTY	= 8,
	EXT4_INODE_COMPRBLK	= 9,	/* One or more compressed clusters */
	EXT4_INODE_NOCOMPR	= 10,	/* Don't compress */
	EXT4_INODE_ECOMPR	= 11,	/* Compression error */
/* End compression flags --- maybe not all used */
	EXT4_INODE_INDEX	= 12,	/* hash-indexed directory */
	EXT4_INODE_IMAGIC	= 13,	/* AFS directory */
	EXT4_INODE_JOURNAL_DATA	= 14,	/* file data should be journaled */
	EXT4_INODE_NOTAIL	= 15,	/* file tail should not be merged */
	EXT4_INODE_DIRSYNC	= 16,	/* dirsync behaviour (directories only) */
	EXT4_INODE_TOPDIR	= 17,	/* Top of directory hierarchies*/
	EXT4_INODE_HUGE_FILE	= 18,	/* Set to each huge file */
	EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS	= 19,	/* Inode uses extents */
	EXT4_INODE_EA_INODE	= 21,	/* Inode used for large EA */
	EXT4_INODE_EOFBLOCKS	= 22,	/* Blocks allocated beyond EOF */
	EXT4_INODE_RESERVED	= 31,	/* reserved for ext4 lib */
};

#define TEST_FLAG_VALUE(FLAG) (EXT4_##FLAG##_FL == (1 << EXT4_INODE_##FLAG))
#define CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(FLAG) if (!TEST_FLAG_VALUE(FLAG)) { \
	printk(KERN_EMERG "EXT4 flag fail: " #FLAG ": %d %d\n", \
		EXT4_##FLAG##_FL, EXT4_INODE_##FLAG); BUG_ON(1); }

/*
 * Since it's pretty easy to mix up bit numbers and hex values, and we
 * can't do a compile-time test for ENUM values, we use a run-time
 * test to make sure that EXT4_XXX_FL is consistent with respect to
 * EXT4_INODE_XXX.  If all is well the printk and BUG_ON will all drop
 * out so it won't cost any extra space in the compiled kernel image.
 * But it's important that these values are the same, since we are
 * using EXT4_INODE_XXX to test for the flag values, but EXT4_XX_FL
 * must be consistent with the values of FS_XXX_FL defined in
 * include/linux/fs.h and the on-disk values found in ext2, ext3, and
 * ext4 filesystems, and of course the values defined in e2fsprogs.
 *
 * It's not paranoia if the Murphy's Law really *is* out to get you.  :-)
 */
static inline void ext4_check_flag_values(void)
{
	CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(SECRM);
	CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(UNRM);
	CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(COMPR);
	CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(SYNC);
	CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(IMMUTABLE);
	CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(APPEND);
	CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NODUMP);
	CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NOATIME);
	CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(DIRTY);
	CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(COMPRBLK);
	CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NOCOMPR);
	CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(ECOMPR);
	CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(INDEX);
	CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(IMAGIC);
	CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(JOURNAL_DATA);
	CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NOTAIL);
	CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(DIRSYNC);
	CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(TOPDIR);
	CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(HUGE_FILE);
	CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(EXTENTS);
	CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(EA_INODE);
	CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(EOFBLOCKS);
	CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(RESERVED);
}

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/* Used to pass group descriptor data when online resize is done */
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struct ext4_new_group_input {
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	__u32 group;		/* Group number for this data */
	__u64 block_bitmap;	/* Absolute block number of block bitmap */
	__u64 inode_bitmap;	/* Absolute block number of inode bitmap */
	__u64 inode_table;	/* Absolute block number of inode table start */
	__u32 blocks_count;	/* Total number of blocks in this group */
	__u16 reserved_blocks;	/* Number of reserved blocks in this group */
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	__u16 unused;
};

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#if defined(__KERNEL__) && defined(CONFIG_COMPAT)
struct compat_ext4_new_group_input {
	u32 group;
	compat_u64 block_bitmap;
	compat_u64 inode_bitmap;
	compat_u64 inode_table;
	u32 blocks_count;
	u16 reserved_blocks;
	u16 unused;
};
#endif

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/* The struct ext4_new_group_input in kernel space, with free_blocks_count */
struct ext4_new_group_data {
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	__u32 group;
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	__u64 block_bitmap;
	__u64 inode_bitmap;
	__u64 inode_table;
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	__u32 blocks_count;
	__u16 reserved_blocks;
	__u16 unused;
	__u32 free_blocks_count;
};

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/* Indexes used to index group tables in ext4_new_group_data */
enum {
	BLOCK_BITMAP = 0,	/* block bitmap */
	INODE_BITMAP,		/* inode bitmap */
	INODE_TABLE,		/* inode tables */
	GROUP_TABLE_COUNT,
};

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/*
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 * Flags used by ext4_map_blocks()
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 */
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	/* Allocate any needed blocks and/or convert an unitialized
	   extent to be an initialized ext4 */
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#define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE			0x0001
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	/* Request the creation of an unitialized extent */
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#define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNINIT_EXT		0x0002
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#define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNINIT_EXT	(EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNINIT_EXT|\
						 EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE)
	/* Caller is from the delayed allocation writeout path,
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	   so set the magic i_delalloc_reserve_flag after taking the
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	   inode allocation semaphore for */
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#define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE	0x0004
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	/* caller is from the direct IO path, request to creation of an
	unitialized extents if not allocated, split the uninitialized
	extent if blocks has been preallocated already*/
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#define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO			0x0008
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#define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT			0x0010
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#define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CREATE_EXT		(EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO|\
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					 EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNINIT_EXT)
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	/* Convert extent to initialized after IO complete */
#define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CONVERT_EXT		(EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT|\
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					 EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNINIT_EXT)
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	/* Punch out blocks of an extent */
#define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PUNCH_OUT_EXT		0x0020
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	/* Don't normalize allocation size (used for fallocate) */
#define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_NO_NORMALIZE		0x0040
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	/* Request will not result in inode size update (user for fallocate) */
#define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_KEEP_SIZE		0x0080
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/*
 * Flags used by ext4_free_blocks
 */
#define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA	0x0001
#define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET		0x0002
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#define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_VALIDATED	0x0004
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#define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NO_QUOT_UPDATE	0x0008
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#define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_FIRST_CLUSTER	0x0010
#define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_LAST_CLUSTER	0x0020
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/*
 * Flags used by ext4_discard_partial_page_buffers
 */
#define EXT4_DISCARD_PARTIAL_PG_ZERO_UNMAPPED	0x0001
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/*
 * ioctl commands
 */
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#define	EXT4_IOC_GETFLAGS		FS_IOC_GETFLAGS
#define	EXT4_IOC_SETFLAGS		FS_IOC_SETFLAGS
#define	EXT4_IOC_GETVERSION		_IOR('f', 3, long)
#define	EXT4_IOC_SETVERSION		_IOW('f', 4, long)
#define	EXT4_IOC_GETVERSION_OLD		FS_IOC_GETVERSION
#define	EXT4_IOC_SETVERSION_OLD		FS_IOC_SETVERSION
#define EXT4_IOC_GETRSVSZ		_IOR('f', 5, long)
#define EXT4_IOC_SETRSVSZ		_IOW('f', 6, long)
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#define EXT4_IOC_GROUP_EXTEND		_IOW('f', 7, unsigned long)
#define EXT4_IOC_GROUP_ADD		_IOW('f', 8, struct ext4_new_group_input)
#define EXT4_IOC_MIGRATE		_IO('f', 9)
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 /* note ioctl 10 reserved for an early version of the FIEMAP ioctl */
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#define EXT4_IOC_ALLOC_DA_BLKS		_IO('f', 12)
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#define EXT4_IOC_MOVE_EXT		_IOWR('f', 15, struct move_extent)
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#define EXT4_IOC_RESIZE_FS		_IOW('f', 16, __u64)
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#if defined(__KERNEL__) && defined(CONFIG_COMPAT)
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/*
 * ioctl commands in 32 bit emulation
 */
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#define EXT4_IOC32_GETFLAGS		FS_IOC32_GETFLAGS
#define EXT4_IOC32_SETFLAGS		FS_IOC32_SETFLAGS
#define EXT4_IOC32_GETVERSION		_IOR('f', 3, int)
#define EXT4_IOC32_SETVERSION		_IOW('f', 4, int)
#define EXT4_IOC32_GETRSVSZ		_IOR('f', 5, int)
#define EXT4_IOC32_SETRSVSZ		_IOW('f', 6, int)
#define EXT4_IOC32_GROUP_EXTEND		_IOW('f', 7, unsigned int)
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#define EXT4_IOC32_GROUP_ADD		_IOW('f', 8, struct compat_ext4_new_group_input)
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#define EXT4_IOC32_GETVERSION_OLD	FS_IOC32_GETVERSION
#define EXT4_IOC32_SETVERSION_OLD	FS_IOC32_SETVERSION
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#endif
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/* Max physical block we can address w/o extents */
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#define EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_FILE_PHYS	0xFFFFFFFF

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/*
 * Structure of an inode on the disk
 */
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struct ext4_inode {
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	__le16	i_mode;		/* File mode */
	__le16	i_uid;		/* Low 16 bits of Owner Uid */
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	__le32	i_size_lo;	/* Size in bytes */
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	__le32	i_atime;	/* Access time */
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	__le32	i_ctime;	/* Inode Change time */
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	__le32	i_mtime;	/* Modification time */
	__le32	i_dtime;	/* Deletion Time */
	__le16	i_gid;		/* Low 16 bits of Group Id */
	__le16	i_links_count;	/* Links count */
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	__le32	i_blocks_lo;	/* Blocks count */
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	__le32	i_flags;	/* File flags */
	union {
		struct {
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			__le32  l_i_version;
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		} linux1;
		struct {
			__u32  h_i_translator;
		} hurd1;
		struct {
			__u32  m_i_reserved1;
		} masix1;
	} osd1;				/* OS dependent 1 */
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	__le32	i_block[EXT4_N_BLOCKS];/* Pointers to blocks */
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	__le32	i_generation;	/* File version (for NFS) */
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	__le32	i_file_acl_lo;	/* File ACL */
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	__le32	i_size_high;
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	__le32	i_obso_faddr;	/* Obsoleted fragment address */
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	union {
		struct {
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			__le16	l_i_blocks_high; /* were l_i_reserved1 */
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			__le16	l_i_file_acl_high;
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			__le16	l_i_uid_high;	/* these 2 fields */
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			__le16	l_i_gid_high;	/* were reserved2[0] */
			__u32	l_i_reserved2;
		} linux2;
		struct {
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			__le16	h_i_reserved1;	/* Obsoleted fragment number/size which are removed in ext4 */
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			__u16	h_i_mode_high;
			__u16	h_i_uid_high;
			__u16	h_i_gid_high;
			__u32	h_i_author;
		} hurd2;
		struct {
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			__le16	h_i_reserved1;	/* Obsoleted fragment number/size which are removed in ext4 */
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			__le16	m_i_file_acl_high;
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			__u32	m_i_reserved2[2];
		} masix2;
	} osd2;				/* OS dependent 2 */
	__le16	i_extra_isize;
	__le16	i_pad1;
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	__le32  i_ctime_extra;  /* extra Change time      (nsec << 2 | epoch) */
	__le32  i_mtime_extra;  /* extra Modification time(nsec << 2 | epoch) */
	__le32  i_atime_extra;  /* extra Access time      (nsec << 2 | epoch) */
	__le32  i_crtime;       /* File Creation time */
	__le32  i_crtime_extra; /* extra FileCreationtime (nsec << 2 | epoch) */
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	__le32  i_version_hi;	/* high 32 bits for 64-bit version */
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};

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struct move_extent {
	__u32 reserved;		/* should be zero */
	__u32 donor_fd;		/* donor file descriptor */
	__u64 orig_start;	/* logical start offset in block for orig */
	__u64 donor_start;	/* logical start offset in block for donor */
	__u64 len;		/* block length to be moved */
	__u64 moved_len;	/* moved block length */
};
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#define EXT4_EPOCH_BITS 2
#define EXT4_EPOCH_MASK ((1 << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS) - 1)
#define EXT4_NSEC_MASK  (~0UL << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS)

/*
 * Extended fields will fit into an inode if the filesystem was formatted
 * with large inodes (-I 256 or larger) and there are not currently any EAs
 * consuming all of the available space. For new inodes we always reserve
 * enough space for the kernel's known extended fields, but for inodes
 * created with an old kernel this might not have been the case. None of
 * the extended inode fields is critical for correct filesystem operation.
 * This macro checks if a certain field fits in the inode. Note that
 * inode-size = GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + i_extra_isize
 */
#define EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(ext4_inode, einode, field)	\
	((offsetof(typeof(*ext4_inode), field) +	\
	  sizeof((ext4_inode)->field))			\
	<= (EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE +			\
	    (einode)->i_extra_isize))			\

static inline __le32 ext4_encode_extra_time(struct timespec *time)
{
       return cpu_to_le32((sizeof(time->tv_sec) > 4 ?
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			   (time->tv_sec >> 32) & EXT4_EPOCH_MASK : 0) |
                          ((time->tv_nsec << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS) & EXT4_NSEC_MASK));
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}

static inline void ext4_decode_extra_time(struct timespec *time, __le32 extra)
{
       if (sizeof(time->tv_sec) > 4)
	       time->tv_sec |= (__u64)(le32_to_cpu(extra) & EXT4_EPOCH_MASK)
			       << 32;
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       time->tv_nsec = (le32_to_cpu(extra) & EXT4_NSEC_MASK) >> EXT4_EPOCH_BITS;
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}

#define EXT4_INODE_SET_XTIME(xtime, inode, raw_inode)			       \
do {									       \
	(raw_inode)->xtime = cpu_to_le32((inode)->xtime.tv_sec);	       \
	if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, EXT4_I(inode), xtime ## _extra))     \
		(raw_inode)->xtime ## _extra =				       \
				ext4_encode_extra_time(&(inode)->xtime);       \
} while (0)

#define EXT4_EINODE_SET_XTIME(xtime, einode, raw_inode)			       \
do {									       \
	if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime))		       \
		(raw_inode)->xtime = cpu_to_le32((einode)->xtime.tv_sec);      \
	if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime ## _extra))	       \
		(raw_inode)->xtime ## _extra =				       \
				ext4_encode_extra_time(&(einode)->xtime);      \
} while (0)

#define EXT4_INODE_GET_XTIME(xtime, inode, raw_inode)			       \
do {									       \
	(inode)->xtime.tv_sec = (signed)le32_to_cpu((raw_inode)->xtime);       \
	if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, EXT4_I(inode), xtime ## _extra))     \
		ext4_decode_extra_time(&(inode)->xtime,			       \
				       raw_inode->xtime ## _extra);	       \
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	else								       \
		(inode)->xtime.tv_nsec = 0;				       \
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} while (0)

#define EXT4_EINODE_GET_XTIME(xtime, einode, raw_inode)			       \
do {									       \
	if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime))		       \
		(einode)->xtime.tv_sec = 				       \
			(signed)le32_to_cpu((raw_inode)->xtime);	       \
	if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime ## _extra))	       \
		ext4_decode_extra_time(&(einode)->xtime,		       \
				       raw_inode->xtime ## _extra);	       \
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	else								       \
		(einode)->xtime.tv_nsec = 0;				       \
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} while (0)

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#define i_disk_version osd1.linux1.l_i_version

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#if defined(__KERNEL__) || defined(__linux__)
#define i_reserved1	osd1.linux1.l_i_reserved1
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#define i_file_acl_high	osd2.linux2.l_i_file_acl_high
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#define i_blocks_high	osd2.linux2.l_i_blocks_high
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#define i_uid_low	i_uid
#define i_gid_low	i_gid
#define i_uid_high	osd2.linux2.l_i_uid_high
#define i_gid_high	osd2.linux2.l_i_gid_high
#define i_reserved2	osd2.linux2.l_i_reserved2

#elif defined(__GNU__)

#define i_translator	osd1.hurd1.h_i_translator
#define i_uid_high	osd2.hurd2.h_i_uid_high
#define i_gid_high	osd2.hurd2.h_i_gid_high
#define i_author	osd2.hurd2.h_i_author

#elif defined(__masix__)

#define i_reserved1	osd1.masix1.m_i_reserved1
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#define i_file_acl_high	osd2.masix2.m_i_file_acl_high
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#define i_reserved2	osd2.masix2.m_i_reserved2

#endif /* defined(__KERNEL__) || defined(__linux__) */

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/*
 * storage for cached extent
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 * If ec_len == 0, then the cache is invalid.
 * If ec_start == 0, then the cache represents a gap (null mapping)
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 */
struct ext4_ext_cache {
	ext4_fsblk_t	ec_start;
	ext4_lblk_t	ec_block;
	__u32		ec_len; /* must be 32bit to return holes */
};

/*
 * fourth extended file system inode data in memory
 */
struct ext4_inode_info {
	__le32	i_data[15];	/* unconverted */
	__u32	i_dtime;
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	ext4_fsblk_t	i_file_acl;
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	/*
	 * i_block_group is the number of the block group which contains
	 * this file's inode.  Constant across the lifetime of the inode,
	 * it is ued for making block allocation decisions - we try to
	 * place a file's data blocks near its inode block, and new inodes
	 * near to their parent directory's inode.
	 */
	ext4_group_t	i_block_group;
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	ext4_lblk_t	i_dir_start_lookup;
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#if (BITS_PER_LONG < 64)
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	unsigned long	i_state_flags;		/* Dynamic state flags */
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#endif
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	unsigned long	i_flags;
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#ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_FS_XATTR
	/*
	 * Extended attributes can be read independently of the main file
	 * data. Taking i_mutex even when reading would cause contention
	 * between readers of EAs and writers of regular file data, so
	 * instead we synchronize on xattr_sem when reading or changing
	 * EAs.
	 */
	struct rw_semaphore xattr_sem;
#endif

	struct list_head i_orphan;	/* unlinked but open inodes */

	/*
	 * i_disksize keeps track of what the inode size is ON DISK, not
	 * in memory.  During truncate, i_size is set to the new size by
	 * the VFS prior to calling ext4_truncate(), but the filesystem won't
	 * set i_disksize to 0 until the truncate is actually under way.
	 *
	 * The intent is that i_disksize always represents the blocks which
	 * are used by this file.  This allows recovery to restart truncate
	 * on orphans if we crash during truncate.  We actually write i_disksize
	 * into the on-disk inode when writing inodes out, instead of i_size.
	 *
	 * The only time when i_disksize and i_size may be different is when
	 * a truncate is in progress.  The only things which change i_disksize
	 * are ext4_get_block (growth) and ext4_truncate (shrinkth).
	 */
	loff_t	i_disksize;

	/*
	 * i_data_sem is for serialising ext4_truncate() against
	 * ext4_getblock().  In the 2.4 ext2 design, great chunks of inode's
	 * data tree are chopped off during truncate. We can't do that in
	 * ext4 because whenever we perform intermediate commits during
	 * truncate, the inode and all the metadata blocks *must* be in a
	 * consistent state which allows truncation of the orphans to restart
	 * during recovery.  Hence we must fix the get_block-vs-truncate race
	 * by other means, so we have i_data_sem.
	 */
	struct rw_semaphore i_data_sem;
	struct inode vfs_inode;
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	struct jbd2_inode *jinode;
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	struct ext4_ext_cache i_cached_extent;
	/*
	 * File creation time. Its function is same as that of
	 * struct timespec i_{a,c,m}time in the generic inode.
	 */
	struct timespec i_crtime;

	/* mballoc */
	struct list_head i_prealloc_list;
	spinlock_t i_prealloc_lock;

	/* ialloc */
	ext4_group_t	i_last_alloc_group;

	/* allocation reservation info for delalloc */
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	/* In case of bigalloc, these refer to clusters rather than blocks */
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	unsigned int i_reserved_data_blocks;
	unsigned int i_reserved_meta_blocks;
	unsigned int i_allocated_meta_blocks;
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	ext4_lblk_t i_da_metadata_calc_last_lblock;
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	int i_da_metadata_calc_len;
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	/* on-disk additional length */
	__u16 i_extra_isize;

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#ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
	/* quota space reservation, managed internally by quota code */
	qsize_t i_reserved_quota;
#endif
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	/* completed IOs that might need unwritten extents handling */
	struct list_head i_completed_io_list;
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	spinlock_t i_completed_io_lock;
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	atomic_t i_ioend_count;	/* Number of outstanding io_end structs */
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	/* current io_end structure for async DIO write*/
	ext4_io_end_t *cur_aio_dio;
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	atomic_t i_aiodio_unwritten; /* Nr. of inflight conversions pending */
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	spinlock_t i_block_reservation_lock;
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	/*
	 * Transactions that contain inode's metadata needed to complete
	 * fsync and fdatasync, respectively.
	 */
	tid_t i_sync_tid;
	tid_t i_datasync_tid;
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};

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/*
 * File system states
 */
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#define	EXT4_VALID_FS			0x0001	/* Unmounted cleanly */
#define	EXT4_ERROR_FS			0x0002	/* Errors detected */
#define	EXT4_ORPHAN_FS			0x0004	/* Orphans being recovered */
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/*
 * Misc. filesystem flags
 */
#define EXT2_FLAGS_SIGNED_HASH		0x0001  /* Signed dirhash in use */
#define EXT2_FLAGS_UNSIGNED_HASH	0x0002  /* Unsigned dirhash in use */
#define EXT2_FLAGS_TEST_FILESYS		0x0004	/* to test development code */

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/*
 * Mount flags
 */
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#define EXT4_MOUNT_GRPID		0x00004	/* Create files with directory's group */
#define EXT4_MOUNT_DEBUG		0x00008	/* Some debugging messages */
#define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_CONT		0x00010	/* Continue on errors */
#define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_RO		0x00020	/* Remount fs ro on errors */
#define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_PANIC		0x00040	/* Panic on errors */
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#define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_MASK		0x00070
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#define EXT4_MOUNT_MINIX_DF		0x00080	/* Mimics the Minix statfs */
#define EXT4_MOUNT_NOLOAD		0x00100	/* Don't use existing journal*/
#define EXT4_MOUNT_DATA_FLAGS		0x00C00	/* Mode for data writes: */
#define EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA		0x00400	/* Write data to journal */
#define EXT4_MOUNT_ORDERED_DATA		0x00800	/* Flush data before commit */
#define EXT4_MOUNT_WRITEBACK_DATA	0x00C00	/* No data ordering */
#define EXT4_MOUNT_UPDATE_JOURNAL	0x01000	/* Update the journal format */
#define EXT4_MOUNT_NO_UID32		0x02000  /* Disable 32-bit UIDs */
#define EXT4_MOUNT_XATTR_USER		0x04000	/* Extended user attributes */
#define EXT4_MOUNT_POSIX_ACL		0x08000	/* POSIX Access Control Lists */
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#define EXT4_MOUNT_NO_AUTO_DA_ALLOC	0x10000	/* No auto delalloc mapping */
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#define EXT4_MOUNT_BARRIER		0x20000 /* Use block barriers */
#define EXT4_MOUNT_QUOTA		0x80000 /* Some quota option set */
#define EXT4_MOUNT_USRQUOTA		0x100000 /* "old" user quota */
#define EXT4_MOUNT_GRPQUOTA		0x200000 /* "old" group quota */
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#define EXT4_MOUNT_DIOREAD_NOLOCK	0x400000 /* Enable support for dio read nolocking */
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#define EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM	0x800000 /* Journal checksums */
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#define EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_ASYNC_COMMIT	0x1000000 /* Journal Async Commit */
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#define EXT4_MOUNT_MBLK_IO_SUBMIT	0x4000000 /* multi-block io submits */
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#define EXT4_MOUNT_DELALLOC		0x8000000 /* Delalloc support */
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#define EXT4_MOUNT_DATA_ERR_ABORT	0x10000000 /* Abort on file data write */
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#define EXT4_MOUNT_BLOCK_VALIDITY	0x20000000 /* Block validity checking */
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#define EXT4_MOUNT_DISCARD		0x40000000 /* Issue DISCARD requests */
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#define EXT4_MOUNT_INIT_INODE_TABLE	0x80000000 /* Initialize uninitialized itables */
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#define EXT4_MOUNT2_EXPLICIT_DELALLOC	0x00000001 /* User explicitly
						      specified delalloc */

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#define clear_opt(sb, opt)		EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt &= \
						~EXT4_MOUNT_##opt
#define set_opt(sb, opt)		EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt |= \
						EXT4_MOUNT_##opt
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#define test_opt(sb, opt)		(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt & \
					 EXT4_MOUNT_##opt)
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#define clear_opt2(sb, opt)		EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt2 &= \
						~EXT4_MOUNT2_##opt
#define set_opt2(sb, opt)		EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt2 |= \
						EXT4_MOUNT2_##opt
#define test_opt2(sb, opt)		(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt2 & \
					 EXT4_MOUNT2_##opt)

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#define ext4_test_and_set_bit		__test_and_set_bit_le
#define ext4_set_bit			__set_bit_le
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#define ext4_set_bit_atomic		ext2_set_bit_atomic
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#define ext4_test_and_clear_bit		__test_and_clear_bit_le
#define ext4_clear_bit			__clear_bit_le
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#define ext4_clear_bit_atomic		ext2_clear_bit_atomic
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#define ext4_test_bit			test_bit_le
#define ext4_find_next_zero_bit		find_next_zero_bit_le
#define ext4_find_next_bit		find_next_bit_le
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extern void ext4_set_bits(void *bm, int cur, int len);

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/*
 * Maximal mount counts between two filesystem checks
 */
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#define EXT4_DFL_MAX_MNT_COUNT		20	/* Allow 20 mounts */
#define EXT4_DFL_CHECKINTERVAL		0	/* Don't use interval check */
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/*
 * Behaviour when detecting errors
 */
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#define EXT4_ERRORS_CONTINUE		1	/* Continue execution */
#define EXT4_ERRORS_RO			2	/* Remount fs read-only */
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