Commit 28a535f9 authored by Dmitry Monakhov's avatar Dmitry Monakhov Committed by Theodore Ts'o
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ext4: completed_io locking cleanup

Current unwritten extent conversion state-machine is very fuzzy.
- For unknown reason it performs conversion under i_mutex. What for?
  My diagnosis:
  We already protect extent tree with i_data_sem, truncate and punch_hole
  should wait for DIO, so the only data we have to protect is end_io->flags
  modification, but only flush_completed_IO and end_io_work modified this
  flags and we can serialize them via i_completed_io_lock.

  Currently all these games with mutex_trylock result in the following deadlock
   truncate:                          kworker:
    ext4_setattr                       ext4_end_io_work
    mutex_lock(i_mutex)
    inode_dio_wait(inode)  ->BLOCK
                             DEADLOCK<- mutex_trylock()
                                        inode_dio_done()
  #TEST_CASE1_BEGIN
  MNT=/mnt_scrach
  unlink $MNT/file
  fallocate -l $((1024*1024*1024)) $MNT/file
  aio-stress -I 100000 -O -s 100m -n -t 1 -c 10 -o 2 -o 3 $MNT/file
  sleep 2
  truncate -s 0 $MNT/file
  #TEST_CASE1_END

Or use 286's xfstests https://github.com/dmonakhov/xfstests/blob/devel/286



This patch makes state machine simple and clean:

(1) xxx_end_io schedule final extent conversion simply by calling
    ext4_add_complete_io(), which append it to ei->i_completed_io_list
    NOTE1: because of (2A) work should be queued only if
    ->i_completed_io_list was empty, otherwise the work is scheduled already.

(2) ext4_flush_completed_IO is responsible for handling all pending
    end_io from ei->i_completed_io_list
    Flushing sequence consists of following stages:
    A) LOCKED: Atomically drain completed_io_list to local_list
    B) Perform extents conversion
    C) LOCKED: move converted io's to to_free list for final deletion
       	     This logic depends on context which we was called from.
    D) Final end_io context destruction
    NOTE1: i_mutex is no longer required because end_io->flags modification
    is protected by ei->ext4_complete_io_lock

Full list of changes:
- Move all completion end_io related routines to page-io.c in order to improve
  logic locality
- Move open coded logic from various xx_end_xx routines to ext4_add_complete_io()
- remove EXT4_IO_END_FSYNC
- Improve SMP scalability by removing useless i_mutex which does not
  protect io->flags anymore.
- Reduce lock contention on i_completed_io_lock by optimizing list walk.
- Rename ext4_end_io_nolock to end4_end_io and make it static
- Check flush completion status to ext4_ext_punch_hole(). Because it is
  not good idea to punch blocks from corrupted inode.

Changes since V3 (in request to Jan's comments):
  Fall back to active flush_completed_IO() approach in order to prevent
  performance issues with nolocked DIO reads.
Changes since V2:
  Fix use-after-free caused by race truncate vs end_io_work

Signed-off-by: default avatarDmitry Monakhov <dmonakhov@openvz.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatar"Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
parent 82e54229
......@@ -186,7 +186,6 @@ struct mpage_da_data {
#define EXT4_IO_END_ERROR 0x0002
#define EXT4_IO_END_QUEUED 0x0004
#define EXT4_IO_END_DIRECT 0x0008
#define EXT4_IO_END_IN_FSYNC 0x0010
struct ext4_io_page {
struct page *p_page;
......@@ -2418,11 +2417,11 @@ extern int ext4_move_extents(struct file *o_filp, struct file *d_filp,
/* page-io.c */
extern int __init ext4_init_pageio(void);
extern void ext4_add_complete_io(ext4_io_end_t *io_end);
extern void ext4_exit_pageio(void);
extern void ext4_ioend_wait(struct inode *);
extern void ext4_free_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io);
extern ext4_io_end_t *ext4_init_io_end(struct inode *inode, gfp_t flags);
extern int ext4_end_io_nolock(ext4_io_end_t *io);
extern void ext4_io_submit(struct ext4_io_submit *io);
extern int ext4_bio_write_page(struct ext4_io_submit *io,
struct page *page,
......
......@@ -4833,7 +4833,9 @@ int ext4_ext_punch_hole(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t length)
}
/* finish any pending end_io work */
ext4_flush_completed_IO(inode);
err = ext4_flush_completed_IO(inode);
if (err)
return err;
credits = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode);
handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, credits);
......
......@@ -34,87 +34,6 @@
#include <trace/events/ext4.h>
static void dump_completed_IO(struct inode * inode)
{
#ifdef EXT4FS_DEBUG
struct list_head *cur, *before, *after;
ext4_io_end_t *io, *io0, *io1;
unsigned long flags;
if (list_empty(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_completed_io_list)){
ext4_debug("inode %lu completed_io list is empty\n", inode->i_ino);
return;
}
ext4_debug("Dump inode %lu completed_io list \n", inode->i_ino);
spin_lock_irqsave(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
list_for_each_entry(io, &EXT4_I(inode)->i_completed_io_list, list){
cur = &io->list;
before = cur->prev;
io0 = container_of(before, ext4_io_end_t, list);
after = cur->next;
io1 = container_of(after, ext4_io_end_t, list);
ext4_debug("io 0x%p from inode %lu,prev 0x%p,next 0x%p\n",
io, inode->i_ino, io0, io1);
}
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
#endif
}
/*
* This function is called from ext4_sync_file().
*
* When IO is completed, the work to convert unwritten extents to
* written is queued on workqueue but may not get immediately
* scheduled. When fsync is called, we need to ensure the
* conversion is complete before fsync returns.
* The inode keeps track of a list of pending/completed IO that
* might needs to do the conversion. This function walks through
* the list and convert the related unwritten extents for completed IO
* to written.
* The function return the number of pending IOs on success.
*/
int ext4_flush_completed_IO(struct inode *inode)
{
ext4_io_end_t *io;
struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode);
unsigned long flags;
int ret = 0;
int ret2 = 0;
dump_completed_IO(inode);
spin_lock_irqsave(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
while (!list_empty(&ei->i_completed_io_list)){
io = list_entry(ei->i_completed_io_list.next,
ext4_io_end_t, list);
list_del_init(&io->list);
io->flag |= EXT4_IO_END_IN_FSYNC;
/*
* Calling ext4_end_io_nolock() to convert completed
* IO to written.
*
* When ext4_sync_file() is called, run_queue() may already
* about to flush the work corresponding to this io structure.
* It will be upset if it founds the io structure related
* to the work-to-be schedule is freed.
*
* Thus we need to keep the io structure still valid here after
* conversion finished. The io structure has a flag to
* avoid double converting from both fsync and background work
* queue work.
*/
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
ret = ext4_end_io_nolock(io);
if (ret < 0)
ret2 = ret;
spin_lock_irqsave(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
io->flag &= ~EXT4_IO_END_IN_FSYNC;
}
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
return (ret2 < 0) ? ret2 : 0;
}
/*
* If we're not journaling and this is a just-created file, we have to
* sync our parent directory (if it was freshly created) since
......
......@@ -807,11 +807,9 @@ ssize_t ext4_ind_direct_IO(int rw, struct kiocb *iocb,
retry:
if (rw == READ && ext4_should_dioread_nolock(inode)) {
if (unlikely(!list_empty(&ei->i_completed_io_list))) {
mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
if (unlikely(!list_empty(&ei->i_completed_io_list)))
ext4_flush_completed_IO(inode);
mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
}
ret = __blockdev_direct_IO(rw, iocb, inode,
inode->i_sb->s_bdev, iov,
offset, nr_segs,
......
......@@ -2881,9 +2881,6 @@ static void ext4_end_io_dio(struct kiocb *iocb, loff_t offset,
{
struct inode *inode = iocb->ki_filp->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
ext4_io_end_t *io_end = iocb->private;
struct workqueue_struct *wq;
unsigned long flags;
struct ext4_inode_info *ei;
/* if not async direct IO or dio with 0 bytes write, just return */
if (!io_end || !size)
......@@ -2912,24 +2909,14 @@ static void ext4_end_io_dio(struct kiocb *iocb, loff_t offset,
io_end->iocb = iocb;
io_end->result = ret;
}
wq = EXT4_SB(io_end->inode->i_sb)->dio_unwritten_wq;
/* Add the io_end to per-inode completed aio dio list*/
ei = EXT4_I(io_end->inode);
spin_lock_irqsave(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
list_add_tail(&io_end->list, &ei->i_completed_io_list);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
/* queue the work to convert unwritten extents to written */
queue_work(wq, &io_end->work);
ext4_add_complete_io(io_end);
}
static void ext4_end_io_buffer_write(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate)
{
ext4_io_end_t *io_end = bh->b_private;
struct workqueue_struct *wq;
struct inode *inode;
unsigned long flags;
if (!test_clear_buffer_uninit(bh) || !io_end)
goto out;
......@@ -2948,15 +2935,7 @@ static void ext4_end_io_buffer_write(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate)
*/
inode = io_end->inode;
ext4_set_io_unwritten_flag(inode, io_end);
/* Add the io_end to per-inode completed io list*/
spin_lock_irqsave(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
list_add_tail(&io_end->list, &EXT4_I(inode)->i_completed_io_list);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
wq = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->dio_unwritten_wq;
/* queue the work to convert unwritten extents to written */
queue_work(wq, &io_end->work);
ext4_add_complete_io(io_end);
out:
bh->b_private = NULL;
bh->b_end_io = NULL;
......
......@@ -71,6 +71,7 @@ void ext4_free_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io)
int i;
BUG_ON(!io);
BUG_ON(!list_empty(&io->list));
BUG_ON(io->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN);
if (io->page)
......@@ -83,21 +84,14 @@ void ext4_free_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io)
kmem_cache_free(io_end_cachep, io);
}
/*
* check a range of space and convert unwritten extents to written.
*
* Called with inode->i_mutex; we depend on this when we manipulate
* io->flag, since we could otherwise race with ext4_flush_completed_IO()
*/
int ext4_end_io_nolock(ext4_io_end_t *io)
/* check a range of space and convert unwritten extents to written. */
static int ext4_end_io(ext4_io_end_t *io)
{
struct inode *inode = io->inode;
loff_t offset = io->offset;
ssize_t size = io->size;
int ret = 0;
BUG_ON(!(io->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN));
ext4_debug("ext4_end_io_nolock: io 0x%p from inode %lu,list->next 0x%p,"
"list->prev 0x%p\n",
io, inode->i_ino, io->list.next, io->list.prev);
......@@ -110,7 +104,6 @@ int ext4_end_io_nolock(ext4_io_end_t *io)
"(inode %lu, offset %llu, size %zd, error %d)",
inode->i_ino, offset, size, ret);
}
io->flag &= ~EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN;
if (io->iocb)
aio_complete(io->iocb, io->result, 0);
......@@ -122,51 +115,122 @@ int ext4_end_io_nolock(ext4_io_end_t *io)
return ret;
}
/*
* work on completed aio dio IO, to convert unwritten extents to extents
*/
static void ext4_end_io_work(struct work_struct *work)
static void dump_completed_IO(struct inode *inode)
{
#ifdef EXT4FS_DEBUG
struct list_head *cur, *before, *after;
ext4_io_end_t *io, *io0, *io1;
unsigned long flags;
if (list_empty(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_completed_io_list)) {
ext4_debug("inode %lu completed_io list is empty\n",
inode->i_ino);
return;
}
ext4_debug("Dump inode %lu completed_io list\n", inode->i_ino);
list_for_each_entry(io, &EXT4_I(inode)->i_completed_io_list, list) {
cur = &io->list;
before = cur->prev;
io0 = container_of(before, ext4_io_end_t, list);
after = cur->next;
io1 = container_of(after, ext4_io_end_t, list);
ext4_debug("io 0x%p from inode %lu,prev 0x%p,next 0x%p\n",
io, inode->i_ino, io0, io1);
}
#endif
}
/* Add the io_end to per-inode completed end_io list. */
void ext4_add_complete_io(ext4_io_end_t *io_end)
{
ext4_io_end_t *io = container_of(work, ext4_io_end_t, work);
struct inode *inode = io->inode;
struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode);
unsigned long flags;
struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(io_end->inode);
struct workqueue_struct *wq;
unsigned long flags;
BUG_ON(!(io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN));
wq = EXT4_SB(io_end->inode->i_sb)->dio_unwritten_wq;
spin_lock_irqsave(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
if (io->flag & EXT4_IO_END_IN_FSYNC)
goto requeue;
if (list_empty(&io->list)) {
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
goto free;
if (list_empty(&ei->i_completed_io_list)) {
io_end->flag |= EXT4_IO_END_QUEUED;
queue_work(wq, &io_end->work);
}
list_add_tail(&io_end->list, &ei->i_completed_io_list);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
}
if (!mutex_trylock(&inode->i_mutex)) {
bool was_queued;
requeue:
was_queued = !!(io->flag & EXT4_IO_END_QUEUED);
io->flag |= EXT4_IO_END_QUEUED;
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
/*
* Requeue the work instead of waiting so that the work
* items queued after this can be processed.
*/
queue_work(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->dio_unwritten_wq, &io->work);
/*
* To prevent the ext4-dio-unwritten thread from keeping
* requeueing end_io requests and occupying cpu for too long,
* yield the cpu if it sees an end_io request that has already
* been requeued.
*/
if (was_queued)
yield();
return;
static int ext4_do_flush_completed_IO(struct inode *inode,
ext4_io_end_t *work_io)
{
ext4_io_end_t *io;
struct list_head unwritten, complete, to_free;
unsigned long flags;
struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode);
int err, ret = 0;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&complete);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&to_free);
spin_lock_irqsave(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
dump_completed_IO(inode);
list_replace_init(&ei->i_completed_io_list, &unwritten);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
while (!list_empty(&unwritten)) {
io = list_entry(unwritten.next, ext4_io_end_t, list);
BUG_ON(!(io->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN));
list_del_init(&io->list);
err = ext4_end_io(io);
if (unlikely(!ret && err))
ret = err;
list_add_tail(&io->list, &complete);
}
/* It is important to update all flags for all end_io in one shot w/o
* dropping the lock.*/
spin_lock_irqsave(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
while (!list_empty(&complete)) {
io = list_entry(complete.next, ext4_io_end_t, list);
io->flag &= ~EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN;
/* end_io context can not be destroyed now because it still
* used by queued worker. Worker thread will destroy it later */
if (io->flag & EXT4_IO_END_QUEUED)
list_del_init(&io->list);
else
list_move(&io->list, &to_free);
}
/* If we are called from worker context, it is time to clear queued
* flag, and destroy it's end_io if it was converted already */
if (work_io) {
work_io->flag &= ~EXT4_IO_END_QUEUED;
if (!(work_io->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN))
list_add_tail(&work_io->list, &to_free);
}
list_del_init(&io->list);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ei->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
(void) ext4_end_io_nolock(io);
mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
free:
ext4_free_io_end(io);
while (!list_empty(&to_free)) {
io = list_entry(to_free.next, ext4_io_end_t, list);
list_del_init(&io->list);
ext4_free_io_end(io);
}
return ret;
}
/*
* work on completed aio dio IO, to convert unwritten extents to extents
*/
static void ext4_end_io_work(struct work_struct *work)
{
ext4_io_end_t *io = container_of(work, ext4_io_end_t, work);
ext4_do_flush_completed_IO(io->inode, io);
}
int ext4_flush_completed_IO(struct inode *inode)
{
return ext4_do_flush_completed_IO(inode, NULL);
}
ext4_io_end_t *ext4_init_io_end(struct inode *inode, gfp_t flags)
......@@ -199,9 +263,7 @@ static void buffer_io_error(struct buffer_head *bh)
static void ext4_end_bio(struct bio *bio, int error)
{
ext4_io_end_t *io_end = bio->bi_private;
struct workqueue_struct *wq;
struct inode *inode;
unsigned long flags;
int i;
sector_t bi_sector = bio->bi_sector;
......@@ -259,14 +321,7 @@ static void ext4_end_bio(struct bio *bio, int error)
return;
}
/* Add the io_end to per-inode completed io list*/
spin_lock_irqsave(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
list_add_tail(&io_end->list, &EXT4_I(inode)->i_completed_io_list);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_completed_io_lock, flags);
wq = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->dio_unwritten_wq;
/* queue the work to convert unwritten extents to written */
queue_work(wq, &io_end->work);
ext4_add_complete_io(io_end);
}
void ext4_io_submit(struct ext4_io_submit *io)
......
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