Commit 97795d2a authored by Brian Foster's avatar Brian Foster Committed by Theodore Ts'o
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ext4: don't let i_reserved_meta_blocks go negative

If we hit a condition where we have allocated metadata blocks that
were not appropriately reserved, we risk underflow of
ei->i_reserved_meta_blocks.  In turn, this can throw
sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter significantly out of whack and undermine
the nondelalloc fallback logic in ext4_nonda_switch().  Warn if this
occurs and set i_allocated_meta_blocks to avoid this problem.

This condition is reproduced by xfstests 270 against ext2 with
delalloc enabled:

Mar 28 08:58:02 localhost kernel: [  171.526344] EXT4-fs (loop1): delayed block allocation failed for inode 14 at logical offset 64486 with max blocks 64 with error -28
Mar 28 08:58:02 localhost kernel: [  171.526346] EXT4-fs (loop1): This should not happen!! Data will be lost

270 ultimately fails with an inconsistent filesystem and requires an
fsck to repair.  The cause of the error is an underflow in
ext4_da_update_reserve_space() due to an unreserved meta block

Signed-off-by: default avatarBrian Foster <>
Signed-off-by: default avatar"Theodore Ts'o" <>
parent 968dee77
......@@ -346,6 +346,15 @@ void ext4_da_update_reserve_space(struct inode *inode,
used = ei->i_reserved_data_blocks;
if (unlikely(ei->i_allocated_meta_blocks > ei->i_reserved_meta_blocks)) {
ext4_msg(inode->i_sb, KERN_NOTICE, "%s: ino %lu, allocated %d "
"with only %d reserved metadata blocks\n", __func__,
inode->i_ino, ei->i_allocated_meta_blocks,
ei->i_allocated_meta_blocks = ei->i_reserved_meta_blocks;
/* Update per-inode reservations */
ei->i_reserved_data_blocks -= used;
ei->i_reserved_meta_blocks -= ei->i_allocated_meta_blocks;
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