Commit f5914908 authored by Takashi Iwai's avatar Takashi Iwai
Browse files

ALSA: pcm: Replace PCM hwptr tracking with tracepoints



ALSA PCM core has a mechanism tracking the PCM hwptr updates for
analyzing XRUNs.  But its log is limited (up to 10) and its log output
is a kernel message, which is hard to handle.

In this patch, the hwptr logging is moved to the tracing
infrastructure instead of its own.  Not only the hwptr updates but
also XRUN and hwptr errors are recorded on the trace log, so that user
can see such events at the exact timing.

The new "snd_pcm" entry will appear in the tracing events:
  # ls -F /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/snd_pcm
  enable  filter  hw_ptr_error/  hwptr/  xrun/

The hwptr is for the regular hwptr update events.  An event trace
looks like:

  aplay-26187 [004] d..3  4012.834761: hwptr: pcmC0D0p/sub0: POS: pos=488, old=0, base=0, period=1024, buf=16384

"POS" shows the hwptr update by the explicit position update call and
"IRQ" means the hwptr update by the interrupt,
i.e. snd_pcm_period_elapsed() call.  The "pos" is the passed
ring-buffer offset by the caller, "old" is the previous hwptr, "base"
is the hwptr base position, "period" and "buf" are period- and
buffer-size of the target PCM substream.
(Note that the hwptr position displayed here isn't the ring-buffer
 offset.  It increments up to the PCM position boundary.)

The XRUN event appears similarly, but without "pos" field.
The hwptr error events appear with the PCM identifier and its reason
string, such as "Lost interrupt?".

The XRUN and hwptr error reports on kernel message are still left, can
be turned on/off via xrun_debug proc like before.  But the bit 3, 4, 5
and 6 bits of xrun_debug proc are dropped by this patch.  Also, along
with the change, the message strings have been reformatted to be a bit
more consistent.

Last but not least, the hwptr reporting is enabled only when
CONFIG_SND_PCM_XRUN_DEBUG is set.
Signed-off-by: default avatarTakashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de>
parent d507941b
......@@ -101,10 +101,6 @@ card*/pcm*/xrun_debug
bit 0 = Enable XRUN/jiffies debug messages
bit 1 = Show stack trace at XRUN / jiffies check
bit 2 = Enable additional jiffies check
bit 3 = Log hwptr update at each period interrupt
bit 4 = Log hwptr update at each snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr()
bit 5 = Show last 10 positions on error
bit 6 = Do above only once
When the bit 0 is set, the driver will show the messages to
kernel log when an xrun is detected. The debug message is
......@@ -121,15 +117,6 @@ card*/pcm*/xrun_debug
buggy) hardware that doesn't give smooth pointer updates.
This feature is enabled via the bit 2.
Bits 3 and 4 are for logging the hwptr records. Note that
these will give flood of kernel messages.
When bit 5 is set, the driver logs the last 10 xrun errors and
the proc file shows each jiffies, position, period_size,
buffer_size, old_hw_ptr, and hw_ptr_base values.
When bit 6 is set, the full xrun log is shown only once.
card*/pcm*/sub*/info
The general information of this PCM sub-stream.
......
......@@ -14,6 +14,9 @@ snd-pcm-y := pcm.o pcm_native.o pcm_lib.o pcm_timer.o pcm_misc.o \
pcm_memory.o memalloc.o
snd-pcm-$(CONFIG_SND_DMA_SGBUF) += sgbuf.o
# for trace-points
CFLAGS_pcm_lib.o := -I$(src)
snd-pcm-dmaengine-objs := pcm_dmaengine.o
snd-rawmidi-objs := rawmidi.o
......
......@@ -32,6 +32,15 @@
#include <sound/pcm_params.h>
#include <sound/timer.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_SND_PCM_XRUN_DEBUG
#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include "pcm_trace.h"
#else
#define trace_hwptr(substream, pos, in_interrupt)
#define trace_xrun(substream)
#define trace_hw_ptr_error(substream, reason)
#endif
/*
* fill ring buffer with silence
* runtime->silence_start: starting pointer to silence area
......@@ -146,10 +155,6 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_pcm_debug_name);
#define XRUN_DEBUG_BASIC (1<<0)
#define XRUN_DEBUG_STACK (1<<1) /* dump also stack */
#define XRUN_DEBUG_JIFFIESCHECK (1<<2) /* do jiffies check */
#define XRUN_DEBUG_PERIODUPDATE (1<<3) /* full period update info */
#define XRUN_DEBUG_HWPTRUPDATE (1<<4) /* full hwptr update info */
#define XRUN_DEBUG_LOG (1<<5) /* show last 10 positions on err */
#define XRUN_DEBUG_LOGONCE (1<<6) /* do above only once */
#ifdef CONFIG_SND_PCM_XRUN_DEBUG
......@@ -168,6 +173,7 @@ static void xrun(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
{
struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
trace_xrun(substream);
if (runtime->tstamp_mode == SNDRV_PCM_TSTAMP_ENABLE)
snd_pcm_gettime(runtime, (struct timespec *)&runtime->status->tstamp);
snd_pcm_stop(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN);
......@@ -180,97 +186,19 @@ static void xrun(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SND_PCM_XRUN_DEBUG
#define hw_ptr_error(substream, fmt, args...) \
#define hw_ptr_error(substream, in_interrupt, reason, fmt, args...) \
do { \
trace_hw_ptr_error(substream, reason); \
if (xrun_debug(substream, XRUN_DEBUG_BASIC)) { \
xrun_log_show(substream); \
pr_err_ratelimited("ALSA: PCM: " fmt, ##args); \
pr_err_ratelimited("ALSA: PCM: [%c] " reason ": " fmt, \
(in_interrupt) ? 'Q' : 'P', ##args); \
dump_stack_on_xrun(substream); \
} \
} while (0)
#define XRUN_LOG_CNT 10
struct hwptr_log_entry {
unsigned int in_interrupt;
unsigned long jiffies;
snd_pcm_uframes_t pos;
snd_pcm_uframes_t period_size;
snd_pcm_uframes_t buffer_size;
snd_pcm_uframes_t old_hw_ptr;
snd_pcm_uframes_t hw_ptr_base;
};
struct snd_pcm_hwptr_log {
unsigned int idx;
unsigned int hit: 1;
struct hwptr_log_entry entries[XRUN_LOG_CNT];
};
static void xrun_log(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
snd_pcm_uframes_t pos, int in_interrupt)
{
struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
struct snd_pcm_hwptr_log *log = runtime->hwptr_log;
struct hwptr_log_entry *entry;
if (log == NULL) {
log = kzalloc(sizeof(*log), GFP_ATOMIC);
if (log == NULL)
return;
runtime->hwptr_log = log;
} else {
if (xrun_debug(substream, XRUN_DEBUG_LOGONCE) && log->hit)
return;
}
entry = &log->entries[log->idx];
entry->in_interrupt = in_interrupt;
entry->jiffies = jiffies;
entry->pos = pos;
entry->period_size = runtime->period_size;
entry->buffer_size = runtime->buffer_size;
entry->old_hw_ptr = runtime->status->hw_ptr;
entry->hw_ptr_base = runtime->hw_ptr_base;
log->idx = (log->idx + 1) % XRUN_LOG_CNT;
}
static void xrun_log_show(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
{
struct snd_pcm_hwptr_log *log = substream->runtime->hwptr_log;
struct hwptr_log_entry *entry;
char name[16];
unsigned int idx;
int cnt;
if (log == NULL)
return;
if (xrun_debug(substream, XRUN_DEBUG_LOGONCE) && log->hit)
return;
snd_pcm_debug_name(substream, name, sizeof(name));
for (cnt = 0, idx = log->idx; cnt < XRUN_LOG_CNT; cnt++) {
entry = &log->entries[idx];
if (entry->period_size == 0)
break;
pr_info("hwptr log: %s: %sj=%lu, pos=%ld/%ld/%ld, "
"hwptr=%ld/%ld\n",
name, entry->in_interrupt ? "[Q] " : "",
entry->jiffies,
(unsigned long)entry->pos,
(unsigned long)entry->period_size,
(unsigned long)entry->buffer_size,
(unsigned long)entry->old_hw_ptr,
(unsigned long)entry->hw_ptr_base);
idx++;
idx %= XRUN_LOG_CNT;
}
log->hit = 1;
}
#else /* ! CONFIG_SND_PCM_XRUN_DEBUG */
#define hw_ptr_error(substream, fmt, args...) do { } while (0)
#define xrun_log(substream, pos, in_interrupt) do { } while (0)
#define xrun_log_show(substream) do { } while (0)
#endif
......@@ -343,7 +271,6 @@ static int snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr0(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
if (printk_ratelimit()) {
char name[16];
snd_pcm_debug_name(substream, name, sizeof(name));
xrun_log_show(substream);
pcm_err(substream->pcm,
"BUG: %s, pos = %ld, buffer size = %ld, period size = %ld\n",
name, pos, runtime->buffer_size,
......@@ -352,8 +279,7 @@ static int snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr0(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
pos = 0;
}
pos -= pos % runtime->min_align;
if (xrun_debug(substream, XRUN_DEBUG_LOG))
xrun_log(substream, pos, in_interrupt);
trace_hwptr(substream, pos, in_interrupt);
hw_base = runtime->hw_ptr_base;
new_hw_ptr = hw_base + pos;
if (in_interrupt) {
......@@ -388,22 +314,6 @@ static int snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr0(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
delta = new_hw_ptr - old_hw_ptr;
if (delta < 0)
delta += runtime->boundary;
if (xrun_debug(substream, in_interrupt ?
XRUN_DEBUG_PERIODUPDATE : XRUN_DEBUG_HWPTRUPDATE)) {
char name[16];
snd_pcm_debug_name(substream, name, sizeof(name));
pcm_dbg(substream->pcm,
"%s_update: %s: pos=%u/%u/%u, hwptr=%ld/%ld/%ld/%ld\n",
in_interrupt ? "period" : "hwptr",
name,
(unsigned int)pos,
(unsigned int)runtime->period_size,
(unsigned int)runtime->buffer_size,
(unsigned long)delta,
(unsigned long)old_hw_ptr,
(unsigned long)new_hw_ptr,
(unsigned long)runtime->hw_ptr_base);
}
if (runtime->no_period_wakeup) {
snd_pcm_sframes_t xrun_threshold;
......@@ -431,13 +341,10 @@ static int snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr0(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
/* something must be really wrong */
if (delta >= runtime->buffer_size + runtime->period_size) {
hw_ptr_error(substream,
"Unexpected hw_pointer value %s"
"(stream=%i, pos=%ld, new_hw_ptr=%ld, "
"old_hw_ptr=%ld)\n",
in_interrupt ? "[Q] " : "[P]",
substream->stream, (long)pos,
(long)new_hw_ptr, (long)old_hw_ptr);
hw_ptr_error(substream, in_interrupt, "Unexpected hw_ptr",
"(stream=%i, pos=%ld, new_hw_ptr=%ld, old_hw_ptr=%ld)\n",
substream->stream, (long)pos,
(long)new_hw_ptr, (long)old_hw_ptr);
return 0;
}
......@@ -474,11 +381,8 @@ static int snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr0(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
delta--;
}
/* align hw_base to buffer_size */
hw_ptr_error(substream,
"hw_ptr skipping! %s"
"(pos=%ld, delta=%ld, period=%ld, "
"jdelta=%lu/%lu/%lu, hw_ptr=%ld/%ld)\n",
in_interrupt ? "[Q] " : "",
hw_ptr_error(substream, in_interrupt, "hw_ptr skipping",
"(pos=%ld, delta=%ld, period=%ld, jdelta=%lu/%lu/%lu, hw_ptr=%ld/%ld)\n",
(long)pos, (long)hdelta,
(long)runtime->period_size, jdelta,
((hdelta * HZ) / runtime->rate), hw_base,
......@@ -490,11 +394,9 @@ static int snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr0(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
}
no_jiffies_check:
if (delta > runtime->period_size + runtime->period_size / 2) {
hw_ptr_error(substream,
"Lost interrupts? %s"
"(stream=%i, delta=%ld, new_hw_ptr=%ld, "
"old_hw_ptr=%ld)\n",
in_interrupt ? "[Q] " : "",
hw_ptr_error(substream, in_interrupt,
"Lost interrupts?",
"(stream=%i, delta=%ld, new_hw_ptr=%ld, old_hw_ptr=%ld)\n",
substream->stream, (long)delta,
(long)new_hw_ptr,
(long)old_hw_ptr);
......
#undef TRACE_SYSTEM
#define TRACE_SYSTEM snd_pcm
#define TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE pcm_trace
#if !defined(_PCM_TRACE_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ)
#define _PCM_TRACE_H
#include <linux/tracepoint.h>
TRACE_EVENT(hwptr,
TP_PROTO(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, snd_pcm_uframes_t pos, bool irq),
TP_ARGS(substream, pos, irq),
TP_STRUCT__entry(
__field( bool, in_interrupt )
__field( unsigned int, card )
__field( unsigned int, device )
__field( unsigned int, number )
__field( unsigned int, stream )
__field( snd_pcm_uframes_t, pos )
__field( snd_pcm_uframes_t, period_size )
__field( snd_pcm_uframes_t, buffer_size )
__field( snd_pcm_uframes_t, old_hw_ptr )
__field( snd_pcm_uframes_t, hw_ptr_base )
),
TP_fast_assign(
__entry->in_interrupt = (irq);
__entry->card = (substream)->pcm->card->number;
__entry->device = (substream)->pcm->device;
__entry->number = (substream)->number;
__entry->stream = (substream)->stream;
__entry->pos = (pos);
__entry->period_size = (substream)->runtime->period_size;
__entry->buffer_size = (substream)->runtime->buffer_size;
__entry->old_hw_ptr = (substream)->runtime->status->hw_ptr;
__entry->hw_ptr_base = (substream)->runtime->hw_ptr_base;
),
TP_printk("pcmC%dD%d%c/sub%d: %s: pos=%lu, old=%lu, base=%lu, period=%lu, buf=%lu",
__entry->card, __entry->device,
__entry->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK ? 'p' : 'c',
__entry->number,
__entry->in_interrupt ? "IRQ" : "POS",
(unsigned long)__entry->pos,
(unsigned long)__entry->old_hw_ptr,
(unsigned long)__entry->hw_ptr_base,
(unsigned long)__entry->period_size,
(unsigned long)__entry->buffer_size)
);
TRACE_EVENT(xrun,
TP_PROTO(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream),
TP_ARGS(substream),
TP_STRUCT__entry(
__field( unsigned int, card )
__field( unsigned int, device )
__field( unsigned int, number )
__field( unsigned int, stream )
__field( snd_pcm_uframes_t, period_size )
__field( snd_pcm_uframes_t, buffer_size )
__field( snd_pcm_uframes_t, old_hw_ptr )
__field( snd_pcm_uframes_t, hw_ptr_base )
),
TP_fast_assign(
__entry->card = (substream)->pcm->card->number;
__entry->device = (substream)->pcm->device;
__entry->number = (substream)->number;
__entry->stream = (substream)->stream;
__entry->period_size = (substream)->runtime->period_size;
__entry->buffer_size = (substream)->runtime->buffer_size;
__entry->old_hw_ptr = (substream)->runtime->status->hw_ptr;
__entry->hw_ptr_base = (substream)->runtime->hw_ptr_base;
),
TP_printk("pcmC%dD%d%c/sub%d: XRUN: old=%lu, base=%lu, period=%lu, buf=%lu",
__entry->card, __entry->device,
__entry->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK ? 'p' : 'c',
__entry->number,
(unsigned long)__entry->old_hw_ptr,
(unsigned long)__entry->hw_ptr_base,
(unsigned long)__entry->period_size,
(unsigned long)__entry->buffer_size)
);
TRACE_EVENT(hw_ptr_error,
TP_PROTO(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, const char *why),
TP_ARGS(substream, why),
TP_STRUCT__entry(
__field( unsigned int, card )
__field( unsigned int, device )
__field( unsigned int, number )
__field( unsigned int, stream )
__field( const char *, reason )
),
TP_fast_assign(
__entry->card = (substream)->pcm->card->number;
__entry->device = (substream)->pcm->device;
__entry->number = (substream)->number;
__entry->stream = (substream)->stream;
__entry->reason = (why);
),
TP_printk("pcmC%dD%d%c/sub%d: ERROR: %s",
__entry->card, __entry->device,
__entry->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK ? 'p' : 'c',
__entry->number, __entry->reason)
);
#endif /* _PCM_TRACE_H */
/* This part must be outside protection */
#undef TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH
#define TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH .
#include <trace/define_trace.h>
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