build.sh 12.7 KB
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#!/bin/bash

set -e -u

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iso_name=archlinux
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iso_label="ARCH_$(date +%Y%m)"
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iso_publisher="Arch Linux <http://www.archlinux.org>"
iso_application="Arch Linux Live/Rescue CD"
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iso_version=$(date +%Y.%m.%d)
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install_dir=arch
work_dir=work
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out_dir=out
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gpg_key=""
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verbose=""
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script_path=$(readlink -f "${0%/*}")
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umask 0022

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_usage ()
{
    echo "usage ${0} [options]"
    echo
    echo " General options:"
    echo "    -N <iso_name>      Set an iso filename (prefix)"
    echo "                        Default: ${iso_name}"
    echo "    -V <iso_version>   Set an iso version (in filename)"
    echo "                        Default: ${iso_version}"
    echo "    -L <iso_label>     Set an iso label (disk label)"
    echo "                        Default: ${iso_label}"
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    echo "    -P <publisher>     Set a publisher for the disk"
    echo "                        Default: '${iso_publisher}'"
    echo "    -A <application>   Set an application name for the disk"
    echo "                        Default: '${iso_application}'"
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    echo "    -D <install_dir>   Set an install_dir (directory inside iso)"
    echo "                        Default: ${install_dir}"
    echo "    -w <work_dir>      Set the working directory"
    echo "                        Default: ${work_dir}"
    echo "    -o <out_dir>       Set the output directory"
    echo "                        Default: ${out_dir}"
    echo "    -v                 Enable verbose output"
    echo "    -h                 This help message"
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    exit "${1}"
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}
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# Helper function to run make_*() only one time per architecture.
run_once() {
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    if [[ ! -e "${work_dir}/build.${1}" ]]; then
        "$1"
        touch "${work_dir}/build.${1}"
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    fi
}

# Setup custom pacman.conf with current cache directories.
make_pacman_conf() {
    local _cache_dirs
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    _cache_dirs=("$(pacman -v 2>&1 | grep '^Cache Dirs:' | sed 's/Cache Dirs:\s*//g')")
    sed -r "s|^#?\\s*CacheDir.+|CacheDir = $(echo -n "${_cache_dirs[@]}")|g" \
        "${script_path}/pacman.conf" > "${work_dir}/pacman.conf"
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}

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# Base installation, plus needed packages (airootfs)
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make_basefs() {
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    if [ -n "${verbose}" ]; then
        mkarchiso -v -w "${work_dir}/x86_64" -C "${work_dir}/pacman.conf" -D "${install_dir}" init
        mkarchiso -v -w "${work_dir}/x86_64" -C "${work_dir}/pacman.conf" -D "${install_dir}" \
            -p "haveged intel-ucode amd-ucode memtest86+ mkinitcpio-nfs-utils nbd zsh" install
    else
        mkarchiso -w "${work_dir}/x86_64" -C "${work_dir}/pacman.conf" -D "${install_dir}" init
        mkarchiso -w "${work_dir}/x86_64" -C "${work_dir}/pacman.conf" -D "${install_dir}" \
            -p "haveged intel-ucode amd-ucode memtest86+ mkinitcpio-nfs-utils nbd zsh" install
    fi
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}

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# Additional packages (airootfs)
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make_packages() {
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    if [ -n "${verbose}" ]; then
        mkarchiso -v -w "${work_dir}/x86_64" -C "${work_dir}/pacman.conf" -D "${install_dir}" \
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            -p "$(grep -h -v '^#' "${script_path}/packages.x86_64"| sed ':a;N;$!ba;s/\n/ /g')" install
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    else
        mkarchiso -w "${work_dir}/x86_64" -C "${work_dir}/pacman.conf" -D "${install_dir}" \
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            -p "$(grep -h -v '^#' "${script_path}/packages.x86_64"| sed ':a;N;$!ba;s/\n/ /g')" install
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    fi
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}

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# Copy mkinitcpio archiso hooks and build initramfs (airootfs)
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make_setup_mkinitcpio() {
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    local _hook
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    mkdir -p "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/etc/initcpio/hooks"
    mkdir -p "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/etc/initcpio/install"
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    for _hook in archiso archiso_shutdown archiso_pxe_common archiso_pxe_nbd archiso_pxe_http archiso_pxe_nfs archiso_loop_mnt; do
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        cp "/usr/lib/initcpio/hooks/${_hook}" "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/etc/initcpio/hooks"
        cp "/usr/lib/initcpio/install/${_hook}" "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/etc/initcpio/install"
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    done
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    sed -i "s|/usr/lib/initcpio/|/etc/initcpio/|g" "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/etc/initcpio/install/archiso_shutdown"
    cp /usr/lib/initcpio/install/archiso_kms "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/etc/initcpio/install"
    cp /usr/lib/initcpio/archiso_shutdown "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/etc/initcpio"
    cp "${script_path}/mkinitcpio.conf" "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/etc/mkinitcpio-archiso.conf"
    if [[ "${gpg_key}" ]]; then
      gpg --export "${gpg_key}" > "${work_dir}/gpgkey"
      exec 17<>"${work_dir}/gpgkey"
    fi
    if [ -n "${verbose}" ]; then
        ARCHISO_GNUPG_FD="${gpg_key:+17}" mkarchiso -v -w "${work_dir}/x86_64" -C "${work_dir}/pacman.conf" \
            -D "${install_dir}" \
            -r 'mkinitcpio -c /etc/mkinitcpio-archiso.conf -k /boot/vmlinuz-linux -g /boot/archiso.img' run
    else
        ARCHISO_GNUPG_FD="${gpg_key:+17}" mkarchiso -w "${work_dir}/x86_64" -C "${work_dir}/pacman.conf" \
            -D "${install_dir}" \
            -r 'mkinitcpio -c /etc/mkinitcpio-archiso.conf -k /boot/vmlinuz-linux -g /boot/archiso.img' run
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    fi
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    if [[ "${gpg_key}" ]]; then
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      exec 17<&-
    fi
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}

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# Customize installation (airootfs)
make_customize_airootfs() {
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    cp -af --no-preserve=ownership "${script_path}/airootfs" "${work_dir}/x86_64"
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    cp "${script_path}/pacman.conf" "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/etc"
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    lynx -dump -nolist 'https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Installation_Guide?action=render' >> \
        "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/root/install.txt"
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    if [ -n "${verbose}" ]; then
        mkarchiso -v -w "${work_dir}/x86_64" -C "${work_dir}/pacman.conf" -D "${install_dir}" \
            -r '/root/customize_airootfs.sh' run
    else
        mkarchiso -w "${work_dir}/x86_64" -C "${work_dir}/pacman.conf" -D "${install_dir}" \
            -r '/root/customize_airootfs.sh' run
    fi
    rm "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/root/customize_airootfs.sh"
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    chmod -f 750 "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/root"
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}
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# Prepare kernel/initramfs ${install_dir}/boot/
make_boot() {
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    mkdir -p "${work_dir}/iso/${install_dir}/boot/x86_64"
    cp "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/boot/archiso.img" "${work_dir}/iso/${install_dir}/boot/x86_64/archiso.img"
    cp "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/boot/vmlinuz-linux" "${work_dir}/iso/${install_dir}/boot/x86_64/vmlinuz"
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}
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# Add other aditional/extra files to ${install_dir}/boot/
make_boot_extra() {
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    cp "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/boot/memtest86+/memtest.bin" "${work_dir}/iso/${install_dir}/boot/memtest"
    cp "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/usr/share/licenses/common/GPL2/license.txt" \
        "${work_dir}/iso/${install_dir}/boot/memtest.COPYING"
    cp "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/boot/intel-ucode.img" "${work_dir}/iso/${install_dir}/boot/intel_ucode.img"
    cp "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/usr/share/licenses/intel-ucode/LICENSE" \
        "${work_dir}/iso/${install_dir}/boot/intel_ucode.LICENSE"
    cp "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/boot/amd-ucode.img" "${work_dir}/iso/${install_dir}/boot/amd_ucode.img"
    cp "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/usr/share/licenses/amd-ucode/LICENSE" \
        "${work_dir}/iso/${install_dir}/boot/amd_ucode.LICENSE"
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}

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# Prepare /${install_dir}/boot/syslinux
make_syslinux() {
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    _uname_r=$(file -b "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/boot/vmlinuz-linux"| awk 'f{print;f=0} /version/{f=1}' RS=' ')
    mkdir -p "${work_dir}/iso/${install_dir}/boot/syslinux"
    for _cfg in "${script_path}/syslinux/"*.cfg; do
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        sed "s|%ARCHISO_LABEL%|${iso_label}|g;
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             s|%INSTALL_DIR%|${install_dir}|g" "${_cfg}" > "${work_dir}/iso/${install_dir}/boot/syslinux/${_cfg##*/}"
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    done
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    cp "${script_path}/syslinux/splash.png" "${work_dir}/iso/${install_dir}/boot/syslinux"
    cp "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/usr/lib/syslinux/bios/"*.c32 "${work_dir}/iso/${install_dir}/boot/syslinux"
    cp "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/usr/lib/syslinux/bios/lpxelinux.0" "${work_dir}/iso/${install_dir}/boot/syslinux"
    cp "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/usr/lib/syslinux/bios/memdisk" "${work_dir}/iso/${install_dir}/boot/syslinux"
    mkdir -p "${work_dir}/iso/${install_dir}/boot/syslinux/hdt"
    gzip -c -9 "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/usr/share/hwdata/pci.ids" > \
        "${work_dir}/iso/${install_dir}/boot/syslinux/hdt/pciids.gz"
    gzip -c -9 "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/usr/lib/modules/${_uname_r}/modules.alias" > \
        "${work_dir}/iso/${install_dir}/boot/syslinux/hdt/modalias.gz"
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}

# Prepare /isolinux
make_isolinux() {
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    mkdir -p "${work_dir}/iso/isolinux"
    sed "s|%INSTALL_DIR%|${install_dir}|g" \
        "${script_path}/isolinux/isolinux.cfg" > "${work_dir}/iso/isolinux/isolinux.cfg"
    cp "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/usr/lib/syslinux/bios/isolinux.bin" "${work_dir}/iso/isolinux/"
    cp "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/usr/lib/syslinux/bios/isohdpfx.bin" "${work_dir}/iso/isolinux/"
    cp "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/usr/lib/syslinux/bios/ldlinux.c32" "${work_dir}/iso/isolinux/"
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}

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# Prepare /EFI
make_efi() {
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    mkdir -p "${work_dir}/iso/EFI/boot"
    cp "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/usr/lib/systemd/boot/efi/systemd-bootx64.efi" \
        "${work_dir}/iso/EFI/boot/bootx64.efi"
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    mkdir -p "${work_dir}/iso/loader/entries"
    cp "${script_path}/efiboot/loader/loader.conf" "${work_dir}/iso/loader/"
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    sed "s|%ARCHISO_LABEL%|${iso_label}|g;
         s|%INSTALL_DIR%|${install_dir}|g" \
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        "${script_path}/efiboot/loader/entries/archiso-x86_64-usb.conf" > \
        "${work_dir}/iso/loader/entries/archiso-x86_64.conf"
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    # edk2-shell based UEFI shell
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    # shellx64.efi is picked up automatically when on /
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    cp /usr/share/edk2-shell/x64/Shell_Full.efi "${work_dir}/iso/shellx64.efi"
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}

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# Prepare efiboot.img::/EFI for "El Torito" EFI boot mode
make_efiboot() {
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    mkdir -p "${work_dir}/iso/EFI/archiso"
    truncate -s 64M "${work_dir}/iso/EFI/archiso/efiboot.img"
    mkfs.fat -n ARCHISO_EFI "${work_dir}/iso/EFI/archiso/efiboot.img"
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    mkdir -p "${work_dir}/efiboot"
    mount "${work_dir}/iso/EFI/archiso/efiboot.img" "${work_dir}/efiboot"
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    mkdir -p "${work_dir}/efiboot/EFI/archiso"
    cp "${work_dir}/iso/${install_dir}/boot/x86_64/vmlinuz" "${work_dir}/efiboot/EFI/archiso/vmlinuz.efi"
    cp "${work_dir}/iso/${install_dir}/boot/x86_64/archiso.img" "${work_dir}/efiboot/EFI/archiso/archiso.img"
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    cp "${work_dir}/iso/${install_dir}/boot/intel_ucode.img" "${work_dir}/efiboot/EFI/archiso/intel_ucode.img"
    cp "${work_dir}/iso/${install_dir}/boot/amd_ucode.img" "${work_dir}/efiboot/EFI/archiso/amd_ucode.img"
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    mkdir -p "${work_dir}/efiboot/EFI/boot"
    cp "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs/usr/lib/systemd/boot/efi/systemd-bootx64.efi" \
        "${work_dir}/efiboot/EFI/boot/bootx64.efi"
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    mkdir -p "${work_dir}/efiboot/loader/entries"
    cp "${script_path}/efiboot/loader/loader.conf" "${work_dir}/efiboot/loader/"
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    sed "s|%ARCHISO_LABEL%|${iso_label}|g;
         s|%INSTALL_DIR%|${install_dir}|g" \
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        "${script_path}/efiboot/loader/entries/archiso-x86_64-cd.conf" > \
        "${work_dir}/efiboot/loader/entries/archiso-x86_64.conf"
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    # shellx64.efi is picked up automatically when on /
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    cp "${work_dir}/iso/shellx64.efi" "${work_dir}/efiboot/"
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    umount -d "${work_dir}/efiboot"
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}
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# Build airootfs filesystem image
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make_prepare() {
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    cp -a -l -f "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs" "${work_dir}"
    if [ -n "${verbose}" ]; then
        mkarchiso -v -w "${work_dir}" -D "${install_dir}" pkglist
        mkarchiso -v -w "${work_dir}" -D "${install_dir}" ${gpg_key:+-g ${gpg_key}} prepare
    else
        mkarchiso -w "${work_dir}" -D "${install_dir}" pkglist
        mkarchiso -w "${work_dir}" -D "${install_dir}" ${gpg_key:+-g ${gpg_key}} prepare
    fi
    rm -rf "${work_dir}/airootfs"
    # rm -rf "${work_dir}/x86_64/airootfs" (if low space, this helps)
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}
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# Build ISO
make_iso() {
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    if [ -n "${verbose}" ]; then
        mkarchiso -v -w "${work_dir}" -D "${install_dir}" -L "${iso_label}" -P "${iso_publisher}" \
            -A "${iso_application}" -o "${out_dir}" iso "${iso_name}-${iso_version}-x86_64.iso"
    else
        mkarchiso -w "${work_dir}" -D "${install_dir}" -L "${iso_label}" -P "${iso_publisher}" \
            -A "${iso_application}" -o "${out_dir}" iso "${iso_name}-${iso_version}-x86_64.iso"
    fi
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}

if [[ ${EUID} -ne 0 ]]; then
    echo "This script must be run as root."
    _usage 1
fi

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while getopts 'N:V:L:P:A:D:w:o:g:vh' arg; do
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    case "${arg}" in
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        N) iso_name="${OPTARG}" ;;
        V) iso_version="${OPTARG}" ;;
        L) iso_label="${OPTARG}" ;;
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        P) iso_publisher="${OPTARG}" ;;
        A) iso_application="${OPTARG}" ;;
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        D) install_dir="${OPTARG}" ;;
        w) work_dir="${OPTARG}" ;;
        o) out_dir="${OPTARG}" ;;
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        g) gpg_key="${OPTARG}" ;;
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        v) verbose="-v" ;;
        h) _usage 0 ;;
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        *)
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           echo "Invalid argument '${arg}'"
           _usage 1
           ;;
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    esac
done

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mkdir -p "${work_dir}"
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run_once make_pacman_conf
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run_once make_basefs
run_once make_packages
run_once make_setup_mkinitcpio
run_once make_customize_airootfs
run_once make_boot
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run_once make_boot_extra
run_once make_syslinux
run_once make_isolinux
run_once make_efi
run_once make_efiboot
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run_once make_prepare
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run_once make_iso