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Don't parse .db files ourselves; use pyalpm instead

Created by: LukeShu

In a patchset that I recently submitted, Eli was concerned that I was parsing .db files with bsdtar+awk, when the format of .db files isn't "public"; the only guarantees made about it are that libalpm can parse it.

I wasn't too concerned, because ftpdir-cleanup and sourceballs already parse the .db files in the same way. Nonetheless, I think Eli is right: we shouldn't be parsing these files ourselves.

So, add a dbquery function that uses pyalpm to parse the .db files:

  • It takes as arguments Python 3 expressions;

    1. one that that returns a bool deciding whether we want to print information on a package, and
    2. another that returns the string to print for a package.

    Currently, all callers use "True" for the decider expression, as ftpdir-cleanup and sourceballs operate on every package. However, I'm including a way to filter packages because, I'm coming at this from the context that I want to parse .db files in other places too.

  • libalpm doesn't offer an easy way to say "parse this DB file for me"; instead, we must construct a configuration that has a syncdb pointing to that file, which we then have it sync in to a temporary directory.

As a final note, when re-writing the bit of sourceballs to use dbquery instead of AWK, I realized that it does not correctly handle licenses that have a space in them (as of 2018-07-07 there are 67 packages in the Arch repos that have license containing a space). I did not fix this bug; I merely translated it from AWK to Python, as the program would also need to be adjusted elsewhere.

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